Morgan Chase

To the being questioned if the fall in the price of the American dollar it does not worry the government, it detached that the BC is using to advantage for recompor the international reserves the previous levels to the global crisis, agudizada in September of 2008.A depreciation of the dollar is world-wide the dollar is in low. Now that the world-wide optimism returns slowly, the investors who had searched in the American currency a safe port during the recent turbulence of the market start to place money in riskier applications, particularly the currencies of great exporters of commotidies that they would be benefited of the world-wide growth. The dollar if devaluated in relation to euro – reaching in 21 of May lesser quotation of last the four months and way. The investors of eye in first the signals of economic expansion are taking off the dollars of the mattress and ordering them for riskier places, valuing the currencies of these countries, as in the case of the Real. The investors also fear that the next round to emissions of headings of the American government can to depreciate the dollar still more. Investors had applied heavy in the dollar during the financial crisis, betting that insurance of the world was the currency more and knocking down the forecasts of that the politics of the Federal one Reserves, the American central banking, to extend offers monetary would weaken the verge. Interests in some countries had also created little incentives to abandon the dollar.

Now the situation is if reverting. The pressure on the dollar was increased still by the concern with great offers of headings of the Treasure that must arrive soon at the market, beyond the perspective of that proper note AAA of U.S.A. is placed under suspicion. Many exchange analysts still foresee a decline bigger of the dollar. Deutsche Bank waits that euro if fortifies for US$ 1,50 in the next months.

Eastern Europe

Such regimes dreamed by Marx in fact had been restored in some parts of the world (in special in the Eastern Europe) from the beginning of century XX. Such regimes nor had always been generated by means of revolutions of the wage-earning diligent classrooms, and yes for decisions politics or imposition of another nation with regional influence. Certainly the imposition of this regimen to some nations, without popular support, became difficult the maintenance of this regional large-scale system. In this way, from the beginning of the decade of 1990 and with the dinamizao of the medias, the rupture occurred economic politics and of the socialist system, and thus the doors for one had confided ' ' against-revoluo' ' of the capitalism. This action finished for confirming what Marx signaled (and she condemned) in its writings, and possibly never the capitalism has had as much power of influence in the society as in last the twenty years of world-wide history contemporary. Companies of global capital had perceived, in the rupture of the old socialist block, a virgin and extremely fertile land for the expansion of its capitalist activities. Local companies in desestatizao process allowed to great global conglomerates the setting in the locality (by means of the acquisition or association with these local companies), and a considerable amount of citizens was ' ' convertida' ' in consuming market by means of massive propaganda. The new consumers had started to have ' ' necessidades' ' of consumption good of which never they had had knowledge of its existence during the socialist regimen. He has two scenes very remembered in relation to these new necessities: the inauguration of the first unit of an American company of fast food in Moscow, in 1992, became manchete in the world-wide reporters when showing a queue of five hours to buy a sandwich. Another image is of an occurred fact so soon occurred the fall of the wall of Berlin, when German orientals simply abandoned its Lada automobiles or Trabant in the streets and immediately &#039 bought models of marks; ' ocidentais' ' to exhibit them in new capitalist Germany.

The Law

Thus being she does not have what to sefalar of lesser price comparing distinct item. The dispute of menorpreo only exists in fact when we compare two item that atendamplenamente the specification and for these cases this dispute is beneficial. We remember that the correct description of to be contracted item is before any thing a Legal requirement: The Law 8.666/93 foresee: Art. 14. No purchase will be made without the adjusted characterization of its object and indication of the budgetary resources for its payment duly warned nullity of the act and responsibility of who will have given cause to it (grifo ours). Gestode supplying: the quality of what it is acquired is diretamenterelacionada the quality of its suppliers. The administration pblicaprecisa to have an active position with its suppliers and not to apenasaceitar the interested parties passively to participate of the licitations. One becomes necessary to catch in the market more efficient and realizarparcerias companies, but for this attractive customer needs to become even though, honoring commitments, diminishing the bureaucracy, establishing regrasclaras and penalizando exemplarily or excluding from the processoslicitatrios the companies who search the power public as instrument deganncia.

Atualmenteo to be able public looks at for its suppliers as opponent and estesolham to be able it public with land of nobody. This fact creates umclima of mutual diffidence feeding a harmful relation for ambasas parts, impactando in the prices and the serviosadquiridos product quality and. Recebimentodos material/contract Management: the stage of act of receiving is a momentoestratgico in the efficiency of the management of purchases, does not advance to have a boaespecificao, to select the suppliers and being well displicente nomomento of the act of receiving of the good or during the management of contratoscontinuados. It is very common that bad suppliers use the strategy to demergulhar in the price and later to try to recoup the profit, delivering a product or executing a service of low quality.

The State

Of this form, the data of the Municipal GIP for the year of 2008 had registered the average GIP of R$ 409,220 million (total of the state GIP divided by the number of cities), being that 17 cities were above average and 126 below, characterizing certain concentration in the generation of wealth in the State, the whose total GIP was of R$ 58,518 billion in that year. Another form to verify the concentration in the wealth generation is through the esteem of the curve of Lorenz for the GIP, the value added of the farming one, industry and of the services, representing the sectorial dynamics for the year of 2008. This instrument allows the ranqueamento of the income distribution, here admitting the GIP as its proxy, as measured of good to be, catching which the behavior of the one of the economic sectors how much the distribution of the value produced for all the state of Par. The best reference occurs when the curves representing the sectorial levels if approach to the line of 45 degrees, that is, igualitria it is the distribution of the sector inside of the productive structure of the state, and in contrast, its worse references if they give in the other extremity, that is, more distant of the line of 45 degrees indicating bigger concentration of the activity in few cities. In the figure-1, the methodology of analysis of the curve of Lorenz points with respect to two important extremities, the first one says respect to the value added for the farming one, that it presents the best distribution of the activities in the State reflecting its presence in the great majority of the cities, that is, on average this sector contributes with more than 21% in the composition of the GIP of the cities, if approaching the equality of incomes more than.

Mathematics

For return of ano4.000 a.C, some primitive communities had learned to use tools and weapons of bronze. The population is each more numerous time, the commerce goes if expanding. The agriculturists produce foods large-scale. The great progress marked the end of daily pay-history. The men start then to make constructions as I can cite the pyramid of Egypt and the temples, number it concrete were not nothing practical. As to effect necessary fast calculations with rocks, bones. He was from the necessity that Egypt started to represent the amount of objects of a collection through drawings, symbols.

The creation of the symbols was an important landmark for the development of the mathematics. In daily pay-history, the man joined three batons with five batons to get eight batons. When we face situations where we want to know ' ' quantos' ' , our first attitude is to count. But the men that had lived have thousand of years did not know the numbers nor knew to count. Then as they had appeared numbers? To answer to this question we need to have an idea of as these men lived and which were its necessities. At that time, the man, to feed itself, hunted, fished and harvested fruits; to live, he used caves; to defend itself, he used woods and rocks. But this way of life was if modifying little by little. For example: to find enough food for all the members of a group was if becoming each more difficult time the measure that the population increased and the hunting it went if becoming rarer.

The man started to look safer and more efficient forms to take care of to its necessities. He was then that it started to cultivate plants and to create animals, appearing agriculture and the pasturing, has about 10.000 years behind. The shepherds of sheep had necessities to control the flocks.

Benevolence Afternatalina

Benevolence after-natalina or meroefeito of the world-wide crisis? Corroborating with apreviso of specialists in the area tax, the Secretariat of the Farm of the Estadode So Paulo, it divulged in the last week the reduction of the tribute on Propriedadede Veculos Automotores (IPVA) for the fleet of vehicles established in the State, tending fact to be extended to other states of the Federacy. In accordance with Assessoria of Communication of the agency above aludidopara the coming year, the average fall impostoem of it comments will be of 9,3%. Using itself dedados refined for the Foundation Institute of Economic Research (Fipe), cujaapurao of values of market took in consideration practised the average price dosautomveis during the month of September of the current year, period in queainda invigorated the reduction of the Tax on Industrialized Products sobreos world-wide, the So Paulo, aofinal Treasury department, arrived the following conclusion: For the cars depasseio and motorcycles (that together millions of automachine vehicles represent 85% of the fence approximately de13 that pay the tribute in the State it will still barateamentoser) it bigger, consubstanciando reduction of 12,2% and 9,8%, respectively. Notocante to the prices of the trucks the retraction arrived at the 7,7% sum, enquantoque the utilitarian ones had been 7.5% below of the refined one in 2008, remaining to nibuse microbus the fall of the prices in of 4,1%. Impende to point out, opportunely, that the announced reduction so only corresponds to a fall venal nosvalores of the automachine vehicles, since the example of anosanteriores, did not occur any alteration of aliquot of the related tax. Ahead of talconjuntura, in the euphoria of the events, some vehicles of media, inadvertently, they have notified the alluded reduction tax as ' ' one belopresente for 2010' ' to the contributors of the tribute in question! Perhaps to enhance the docontribuinte desideratum In this context, to instaressaltar in contrast that of what eventually it intends to propagate in some veculosde communication, the alleged reduction does not keep to any altruistic character of the Estadoem relation to its contributors, considering that the prices of the cars usadosno Brazil had been always alados the raised platforms. The truth is that osefeitos of the malfadada pure economic crisis and simply estatala compelled the being to place these goods of consumption in a platform of condizentes values and adequadosa a considered economy steady. Under this context, it does not have the necessity of being specialized in economy to conclude that osproprietrios of used automachine vehicles never they will obtain to recoup decurrent osefeitos of the taxation court of appeals to the corresponding IPVA to the exercise de2009, to the measure that the collect is calculated on the basis of the month of September de2008, occasion where the economy still met in full heating, aindaque the related tax has been reduced stops 2010. This because, losses only socompensadas with profits. Ademais, effective alegislao does not make aluso to the compensation of values, in against-sense, it foresees adjustment of the table when it will have an excellent fall of prices between omomento of the research and of the collection of the IPVA. If to serve of consolation, me seems that in 2010, at last, the passive citizen (contributing of the IPVA) will collect righter values! SP, 17/11/2009 Carlos RenatoSimes Mariano Lawyer in So Paulo /SP